You founded your business with two financial objectives in mind — to make enough money so that you and your family could lead a decent lifestyle, and to build something of value that you could eventually sell. Depending on where you are on your career path when you exit the company, the proceeds from the sale hopefully will fund your next business venture or your retirement.
You've built a good company with multi-million dollar revenue and good profitability. You have loyal employees and everything is in working order. You've now reached a point in your career where you're thinking about an exit. Your children have all moved on in different directions and have no interest in the business, and your employees don't have the managerial or financial resources to buy the company. If the proceeds from the sale of the company are to fund your activities going forward, you must find a third party acquirer.
You ask, "Who will buy my company and what are they looking for in an acquisition?" You need to know the answer to this question if you are going to sell your company for a premium. Otherwise, you'll have to settle for the best offer from various prospective acquirers based on whatever valuation method that they employ.
But how do you get the answer to the questions, "Who will buy my company and what are they looking for in an acquisition?" Let's examine three areas of focus to answer this question.
Define Your Value Proposition
You will need to perform a detailed self-assessment of your company. What does your company have that prospective buyers would want? What are your company's strengths and weaknesses? How does your company compare with other companies in your industry? What opportunities does your company present to prospective acquirers? How does your company rate with respect to the value drivers of your business? You need to know what you bring to the table in an acquisition.
You need to be brutally honest when rating your company's performance with respect to your value drivers. Some tools that you can use are:
- Ratio Analysis — Financial ratios are useful indicators of a company's performance and financial condition. Ratios can usually be calculated from information taken from the income statement and the balance sheet. Financial ratios can be used to analyze trends and to compare the company's performance to other companies' in the same industry. Financial ratios can be classified according to the information that they provide. The following types of ratios are frequently used: Liquidity ratios, asset turnover ratios, financial leverage ratios and profitability ratios.
- SWOT Analysis — This provides a means for you to analyze your company's Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats. For a complete discussion of the SWOT technique, click here.
- Ansoff Matrix — It's important to be able to show potential buyers that your company has a way to grow well into the future. The Ansoff Matrix is a tool to help you strategize a growth path. The Ansoff Matrix shows four ways that companies can grow from the least risky method to the most risky. For a complete discussion of the Ansoff Matrix, click here.
Identify Potential Buyers
It is important to understand the buyer types and what they are looking for in an acquisition. The major buyer types are:
- Strategic Acquirers — These are either public companies or large private companies and they will pay a premium if you have specialized technology, synergistic products, skilled employees and/or a desired geographic location.
- Sophisticated Financial Buyer — This can be a private equity group (PEG) or a group of private investors. They are looking for good cash flow, a good management team in place and good growth opportunities.
- The Lifestyle Buyer — Usually an individual looking for an income and the ability to build equity.
- The Industry Buyer — They usually approach you unsolicited and regard your company as vulnerable and inferior to their company. They are interested in select assets that they can buy at a discount.
Determine Best Buyers
Match what your company has to offer with what the different buyer types are looking for in an acquisition. If your revenues are under $3 million or so, the likely buyer will be a lifestyle buyer. In order to attract a strategic buyer, you must have something they are looking for that is mentioned above. Strategic buyers, private equity groups and investment groups are usually looking for companies with EBITDA of $1 million or more.
You should be able to get a good idea of who you match up with in an acquisition using this methodology. In order to obtain a clearer picture of where you stand in the acquisition arena, you will need more detailed information about the current M&A marketplace. What industries are hot? What companies are involved in roll-ups? What companies are making strategic acquisitions? What are the common deal structures by buyer type? A good business broker or investment banker can help you with this process.